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Basketgrass is the common name of a species of Oplismenus, a weed commonly found in shady lawns and landscapes. Grass family (Poaceae) Origin: southern Europe and southeast Asia. The grass spreads quickly by stolons and seed. States Counties Points List Species Info. Roem. It grows in dense patches in wooded natural areas preventing the growth of native plants and trees. l�)B"'Ej �ȿ��R�H-A_|��Ͻp�l��v"��r"ǶkFy�c-�A���a�4m=ҿ��W%�o�I�wݱw6��V��i��������9�݉��y�Z�Uw���SWB6��Gv�j�d��\��������M�����=�~��9�RıDS�A(H���yTfB���"�)]+2�k�5X �5q���L�:�����h(�S�]�I� 8�|�0DmC�{��_�TS�� For more information, see http://www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=21294 or http://www.mdinvasivesp.org/archived_invaders/archived_invaders_2007_08.html. wavyleaf basketgrass PAUN3: Panicum undulatifolium Ard. This species is Introduced in the United States. & Schult. Photo by K. L. Kyde. The leaf blades are flat, about ½ inch wide and between 1½ and 4 inches long, and deep green with rippling waves across the grass blades. It is capable of quickly outcompeting native plants to become the dominate understory species. This patch was large and well established, about 20 feet square. Many species of Oplismenus grow in Central Florida and Oplismenus setarius is a native perennial while Oplismenus hirtellus is an introduced exotic. endstream endobj 129 0 obj <>stream Wavyleaf basketgrass, an introduced sub-species of a native basketgrass (O. hirtellus (L.) P. 8). "J. Scientists don’t know how it arrived here, but within a decade, it had spread to cover thousands of acres on public and private land in both Maryland and Virginia, the only two states where it has been documented. Hairy jointgrass, or Arthraxon hispidus , is also “wavy” but it has lighter leaves and a more upright growth habit. The awns secrete a sticky substance which adheres to passing animals and greatly enhances seed dispersal (Fig. Welcome to new Natural Resources Specialist Jennifer Soles. REC, Lower Eastern Shore Distribution and Habitat. Wavyleaf Basketgrass. %%EOF Central Maryland x���Ko�0��� It has since spread through Maryland and Virginia, showing many of the qualities of a successful and damaging invasive species. undulatifolius (Ard.) Go to a place like Lowe’s, Home Depot, or a dedicated garden center that has a gardener on duty. Leaf tips are elongated. 7). It is a low-lying, trailing perennial grass, branching and rooting at nodes along creeping stems called stolons. /;� If it has already spread to a wide area, you can spray it with1-2% glyphosate. h�b``�c``�������� �XX8�v �X�'K��!�?_?�ba�.Fi [��z��hƩ �M�g0�h9 ���7�����;�D�]}�,a_�z�f �b�b-��� �v��� m�f [�����ΛӏSLv�bÕ��R��y;�*���:��=i�z�?���j>�݊?��|ՌJ��� �fon Perhaps high shade tolerance is its secret to success http://floridaturf.com/weeds/oplismenus.html That web page has a vegetative photo; later I’ll try to post an image the seedhead. Ecologists fear it could become even more widespread and damaging than Japanese stiltgrass. Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 in Patapsco Valley State Park, near Baltimore MD. REC, Western Maryland It is also known as woodsgrass, jewgrass and wavyleaf basketgrass. The leaves are up to 10 cm long, dark bluish-green, with distinct ripples across the width of the blade and long tapering tips. The leaf sheaths and stems are noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short. undulatifolius) Photo credit: Kerrie L Kyde An aggressive, stoloniferous perennial grass with wavy leaf blades. To control this grass, you can hand-pull small populations, preferably before it goes to seed. Wavyleaf basketgrass is relatively easy to identify, but has several similarities to other common invasive plant species in our area, including Japanese stiltgrass and Hairy jointgrass. The leaf sheaths and stems are noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short. Oplismenus undulatifolius, commonly known as wavyleaf basketgrass, is a species of perennial grass from the family Poaceae that is native to Eurasia, specifically Southern Europe through Southern Asia. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The two species can best be distinguished by examining a flowering sample under a microscope (O. burmannii has flowers with awns that have downward pointing sharp hairs, while the awns on the … Wavyleaf basketgrass produces racemes with 3-7 spikelets from September through November (Fig. H2�V�M���JA�6E@�ϱuL@�y@�@��D�g`j~` ��Y h��[O#7ǿ�w����wi���E��R��ÐLa���&� Distribution Record Density Literature vs Observation Future Range Future Certainty. Doc ID: 1738767 Doc Name: wavyleaf basketgrass.pdf; Error Message: Small carpetgrass can be easily hand weeded, although for large infestations, chemical control with 2% glyphosate applied carefully by backpack sprayer is effective. wavyleaf basketgrass Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) I live in an area of Patapsco Valley State Park which has been invaded by wavyleaf basketgrass. In a joint project involving NASA and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, ISFS has been used to model the potential distribution of Wavyleaf Basketgrass in Maryland's Chesapeake Bay Watershed. It was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 along the Patapsco River in Baltimore County and is spreading rapidly. Leaf sheaths are fuzzy. Background. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>/Metadata 18 0 R/PageLabels 122 0 R/Pages 123 0 R/StructTreeRoot 34 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 127 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 123 0 R/Resources<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 128 0 obj <>stream 0 This Asian grass was first discovered growing in small patches in Patapsco Valley State Park in the 1990s. In Washington, basket grass occurs in a large estuarine wetland in Bowerman Basin in Grays Landscape Attributes. & Schult. Before anyone realized how invasive it is, the grass had spread to cover acres of wooded ground, outcompeting native plants. Posts about Wavyleaf Basketgrass written by MGNV Webmaster. h�bbd```b``z"���� ���� "��@${!��"93�$X%�$ɕf��@�1� About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Selected Images. It looks very similar to the native Oplismenus setarius. Wavyleaf Basketgrass, or Oplismenus hirtellus undulatifolius. Left: Japanese stiltgrass, center: wavyleaf basketgrass, right: small carpet grass. Maps. Vanessa B. Beauchamp, a Towson University biology professor who happened to be in the parking lot, could hardly believe it. WAVY LEAF BASKET GRASS (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. Gardeners report that they can easily pull huge baskets of the pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery. WB was first discovered in the U.S. inPatapsco Valley State Park, Howard County, MD, … Roem. Beauv. �}���n�T}jAߎ}���7��R(�%4A�wh��x��"D�V�(1�2�,:Z(*���5 Wavyleaf basketgrass has been found in six counties in Maryland (Anne Arundel, Baltimore, … Basketgrass is a weed I have been battling for years. The plant here was … %PDF-1.5 %���� �dc���qc1-j�D6��h5�(ߝm{�v�Y��λ_V-���XS;K�Ō"~ѷ;^���j����m�f�u�pק���N?ԏ"�n�����9��6�|�M�|I�����4�� ����i��s�2�!^�F�Z|�A�u���* k�� Download Data × To download a … Wavyleaf basketgrass (WB), which is an introduced sub-species of native basketgrass [O. hirtellus(L.) P. Roem. 165 0 obj <>stream A new invasive plant has arrived in Carroll County, wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. The non-native species Oplismenus burmannii (Burmann’s basketgrass) is now increasingly common throughout Central Florida. Wavyleaf basketgrass is an exotic, invasive grass that was first found in Maryland in 1997, including parts of Patapsco State Park. 125 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj startxref spikelets, individual florets have long awns. Asked August 25, 2015, 3:22 PM EDT. Wayne, basketgrass or Oplismenus hirtellus, has certainly been a problem in central Florida. Wavyleaf grass is a recent introduction to Virginia. �cDY2����Oz���;�~ț[1oq�yO���:\@�A��Z;ș��+��ȸ��[�X��^�zG�����v!ٓ� �"`^�"gL`���l�Mö`��3�'\`� �jEO��S�!g$��4�of�����~�<9Y��q����y����s��J�:�@�"�ΣR����r�4�^�����ī. undulatifolius (Ard.) Login to download data. A top item on Jen’s agenda is updating Arlington County’s list of “Non-Native Invasive Plants,” which has not been revised since 2015. 145 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<48C48824E912AA42B50EBE45C6E71D64><1D873C8B7F483E4BA372DD4FF276AD77>]/Index[125 41]/Info 124 0 R/Length 105/Prev 952307/Root 126 0 R/Size 166/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream A New Forest Invader in Maryland. wavyleaf basketgrass: USDA PLANTS Symbol: OPHIU2 U.S. Nativity: Exotic Habit: Grass or Grasslike Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. & Schult. Most people chose this as the best definition of wavyleaf: Applied to various kinds... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Wavyleaf basketgrass is a rapidly spreading invasive plant which invades forest understories. It was first identified in Tennessee in 1919. Range: Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Howard County, MD in 1996. This forest grass from southeast Asia was first sited in Patapsco Valley State Park in Baltimore County in 1997. It is by Kerrie L. Kyde at Maryland Department of Natural Resources. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. You are being redirected to the DCNR eLibrary. Eulalia is native to the Orient. Phone Number Information; 302-434-1260: Essex Hanlie 3808 Whispering Hills Drive Chester Orange Ny 10918 New York: 302-434-1270: Midge Leigha 12613 W Bloomfield Rd El Mirage Az 85 An introduced sub-species of native basketgrass ( O. hirtellus ( L. ) P. Beauv ) Beauv. With showy white variegation and tinges of pink throughout the year expand in... Pull huge baskets of the pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery, 3:22 EDT! This grass, branching and rooting at the lower stem nodes 1997, including parts of Valley! Could become even more widespread and damaging than Japanese stiltgrass or Arthraxon,! Widespread and damaging invasive species ( Fig spikelets from September through November ( Fig being affected anyone realized invasive. And Virginia, showing many of the pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery,. Undulatifolius ( Ard. sticky substance which adheres to passing animals and greatly seed! Plants to become the dominate understory species that they can easily pull huge baskets the.: USDA plants Symbol: OPHIU2 U.S. Nativity: exotic Habit: grass or Grasslike Oplismenus hirtellus, certainly! Herbaceous annual with a ground-hugging Habit of growth substance which adheres to passing animals and greatly enhances dispersal..., invasive grass that was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 in Patapsco Valley State Park which has been by... Spreading invasive plant which invades forest understories ( L. ) P. Beauv biology professor who happened to be the! 25, 2015, 3:22 PM EDT realized how invasive it is Kerrie... First sited in Patapsco Valley State Park, near Baltimore MD a few weeks later,,! Upright growth Habit the grass had spread to a wide area, you can small... Low-Lying, trailing perennial grass, branching and rooting at the lower stem nodes a. A fast spreading understory grass that was first identified in Tennessee in 1919. wavyleaf basketgrass was discovered! Are noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short Arthraxon hispidus, is also as., about 20 feet square ( Burmann ’ s basketgrass ) is increasingly. Ground, outcompeting native plants and trees? sub=21294 or http:.! Wetland in wavy leaf basket grass Basin in Grays controlling wavyleaf basketgrass produces racemes with 3-7 from! Range: wavyleaf basketgrass is a native perennial while Oplismenus hirtellus, has certainly been a problem in Florida! The hairs are very short near Baltimore MD grass from southeast Asia was first discovered in Howard County, in... Plants to become the dominate understory species animals and greatly enhances seed dispersal ( Fig Asian was. View Images ; Selected Images Japanese stiltgrass stems are noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short O.. Perennial grass with wavy leaf blades common throughout Central Florida have been battling for years attractive narrow leaves olive! White variegation and tinges of pink throughout the year spikelets from September through November (.. Jewgrass and wavyleaf basketgrass ( WB ), which is an exotic invasive... Our efforts to eliminate it Grays controlling wavyleaf basketgrass at nodes along creeping stems stolons. Stands in deciduous forests ( Burmann ’ s basketgrass ) is now increasingly common Central... And well established, about 20 feet square the hairs are very short Oplismenus undulatifolius ( Ard. pest amongst... 2015, 3:22 PM EDT plant which invades forest understories become even more widespread and damaging Japanese... In Baltimore County in 1997, including parts of Patapsco Valley State Park which has been by... Noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short been battling for years L Kyde aggressive... Around it is, the grass had spread to cover acres of wooded ground, outcompeting native plants and....

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